Imagine Asia

Afghanistan By the Numbers

Population:

31,889,923 (est.)

Median age:

total: 17.6 years

male: 17.6 years

female: 17.6 years (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 43.77 years

male: 43.6 years

female: 43.96 years (2007 est.)

Ethnic groups:

Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Literacy:

total population: 28.1%

male: 43.1%

female: 12.6% (2000 est.)

Land use:

arable land: 12.13%

Population below poverty line:

53% (2003)

Roadways:

total: 34,782 km

paved: 8,229 km

unpaved: 26,553 km